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Numerous programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua began in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents should be made notes so that they could be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.
Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid performed an essential function in changing the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.
Wahid allowed the elevating of the Morning Star flag, however the flag position needs to be in a lower position than the Indonesian flag. His resolution drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Legal Aid Basis said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners moderately than symbols of certain groups.
Wahid provided room for teams opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.
Wahid’s agenda at that time was to satisfy numerous components of society in Papua and watched the first sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.
Because of his considerations relating to West Papua, Abdurrahman became the first Indonesian president who occupied a particular place inside West Papuans’ heart.
Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:
Modified the name Irian Jaya to Papua
Facilitated the Second Congress of the People of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans
Megawati, The First Feminine President Who Brings Prosperity
Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and in addition the daughter of the primary president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated numerous plans for the development of roads, bridges, and different infrastructure.
Every put up-New Order presidential work program reflects President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the federal government’s top priority and is following the 5th precepts of Pancasila, namely “Social justice for all Indonesians”. “All Indonesians” means every single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.
Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:
Passed the Particular Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)
Issued a policy that leaders of government positions in West Papua should be native West Papuans
Began the granting of annual particular autonomy funds, at present reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers
Throughout his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Particular Autonomy for West Papua to Special Autonomy Plus. He made a conflict resolution plan and intended to proceed a full and intensive development in West Papua.
Throughout the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not yet happy with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the following president would proceed to deal with increasing public confidence within the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security within the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:
Required all firms in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans employees
Opened communication with 5 major West Papuan tribes
Established Merauke Integrated Meals and Energy Estate (MIFEE)
At the moment’s Era: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources
Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for conflict resolutions in West Papua. Widodo carried out the One Fuel Value policy. He considered that a single fuel worth is a type of social justice for West Papuans. In his first term of presidency, he built the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko wants all regions West Papua to enjoy quick internet in 2020.
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